Introduction to Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering
The development of the subject of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering of Hohai University was based on the old subject of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. As the traditional subject of Hohai University, it has formed stronger subject forces and made greater contributions to national economic development and personnel training through more than fifty year’s construction.
In order to satisfy the requirement of zoning, control and protection of rural soil and water resources, the subject of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering emphasizes the researches on the fields of zoning, design and application principle for soil and water engineering; water-saving techniques and engineering; agricultural land and water resource management; relationships among soil, water and crops in the agricultural production as well as water, soil and solute transport in agricultural environment and their control and management techniques and engineering etc. The research directions on water-saving irrigation and farmland drainage, multi-utilization of agricultural land and water resources, pump station engineering and modernization of the irrigation districts as well as the agricultural soil and water environment and its protection reach higher academic level.
There are a lot of advanced instruments and facilities in this subject. Jiangning Water-saving Garden of Water Resources Ministry has four functions: research and development, education and training, application and extension, exhibition and demonstration in the fields of city, agriculture and domestic water-saving as well as environmental protection and control. There are also certain numbers of famous experts in this subject, and a research group of youth research staffs is growing. The staffs come from the different fields of water conservancy, soil science, agronomy as well as resource and environment sciences etc. They have made stable foundation for solving the important national key scientific and research subjects.
The subject has carried on about 100 research projects such as National Funds for Key Programs of Science and Technology, National 863 High Technology Development Plan Item, National Natural Science Fund, Fund of Water conservancy and Hydropower by Ministry of Water Resources and others( from national department and bureau of Ministries etc.).The research fruit reaches international advanced level and has been applied and spread widely.