Introduction of Agri-biological Environmental and Energy Engineeringdiscipline
Agri-biological environmental and energy engineering is a new discipline which is developed based on the disciplines of agricultural environment and water electricity engineering. It is one of the second disciplines of the first discipline of agricultural engineering. The agri-biological environmental and energy engineering discipline of HoHai University is supported by the teaching and research staffs of irrigation and drainage engineering, civil engineering, environmental engineering, and combines the disciplines of biology, environment, energy sources, architecture, automatic controlling, mechanics, and etc.. The main research fields of this discipline are mechanism of soil and water pollution and its control, coupling effect of water and nutrient on plant and water-saving irrigation under protected agriculture condition, reuse of agricultural waste, and exploitation of new country energy sources.
The main research aspects of this discipline in our university at present are as follows:
1. Conservation and protection of soil and water environment: studies on mechanisms of agricultural soil and water pollution and technique of its prevention and cure; the transfer and transform rules of contamination in soil－plant－water continuum.
2. Ecological and environmental effects of irrigation with inferior water: studies on the low-cost and high-efficiency purifying of inferior irrigating water; remediation of polluted water and soil environment; ecological effect of irrigation with inferior water on water, soil and biology.
3. Controlling of protected agriculture and bio-environment: studies on the water-saving irrigation pattern; coupling effect of water and nutrient; mechanisms of water-saving, high-yield and quality production for protected planting.
4. Exploitation and use of new rural energy sources: study on the exploitation and use of rural biomass energy; harmless treatment and resource reuse of agricultural waste; matter and energy source foundation for sustainable development of country and agriculture.
Now the discipline has 38 faculty and staff, of whom 9 are professors, 13 are associate professors. 11 of the staff have got the PhD degree, 23 have got the master-degree. Agricultural engineering experiment center, environment engineering experiment center, the key laboratory of water resource of Ministry of Education can be used for this discipline. More than 40 research projects such as National Nature Scientific Fund projects, National 863 High Technology Development Plan Project of water-saving agriculture, key science and technology projects of ministry and province, key scientific and research achievement expending projects are carried on. Over 50 scientific and research achievements have been achieved, 2 of which were awarded as National Scientific and Research Achievement. More than 60 papers were published on the core journals at home and abroad, 9 of which were awarded the national or provincial science and technology progressing prizes. 5 monographs were also published. A number of scientific and research achievements have been appraised and reached international advanced level, and applied widely in more than 10 provinces all over the country. The discipline as a whole has high academic level at home and abroad.
Agri-biological Environmental and Energy Engineering discipline of HoHai University was qualified to awarding master-degree by the National Ministry of Education in 2003. Graduate students were also recruited in the same year. The graduate students of this discipline mainly engage in the research of agricultural bio-environment engineering and new rural energy sources engineering. The foreground of employment for graduated students is optimistic in the future.