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农业生物环境与能源工程

    农业生物环境与能源工程学科是在农业环境及小水电工程学科方向的基础上发展起来的,是农业工程一级学科下设的二级学科之一。河海大学农业生物环境与能源工程学科依托农业水利工程、土木工程和环境工程的师资力量,融合生物学、环境学、能源学、建筑学、计算机控制与机电等学科,目前主要进行农业水土环境污染机理及防治措施、设施农业栽培条件下作物水肥耦合效应及节水灌溉措施、农业废弃物的资源化利用及农村新能源开发等方面的研究。
     目前,我校该学科的主要研究方向有:
     1、农业水土环境保护:研究农业水土环境污染机理及其防治技术、污染物在土壤-植物-水体中的迁移转化规律等。
     2、劣质水灌溉的生态环境效应:研究廉价高效净化劣质灌溉用水及治理污染土、水环境的工艺措施,劣质水灌溉对土水环境及生物因子的生态效应分析等。
     3、设施农业与生物环境控制:研究设施栽培条件下节水灌溉的模式及水肥耦合效应,设施栽培作物节水高产优质的机理等。
     4、农村新能源开发利用:研究农村生物质能与新能源的开发利用,农业废弃物的无害化处理及资源化利用技术,农村和农业生产可持续发展的物质和能源基础等。
     本学科目前有教授9人,副教授13人,讲师14人,具有博士学位11人,具有硕士学位23人。拥有农业工程实验中心,环境工程实验中心,水资源开发利用教育部重点实验室等。先后负责和承担了国家自然科学基金项目、国家科技攻关重点计划项目、“863”节水农业重大专项项目、部省级重大科技项目、国家科技成果重点推广项目及生产委托科研项目40余项,取得了近50项成果,有2项列为“国家科技成果”。在国内外主要核心刊物上发表论文60余篇,获国家、省部级科技进步奖9项,出版专著5部。数项科研成果经国家及省部级组织鉴定,达国际先进水平,在全国十余个省市大面积推广应用。学科总体上在国内外享有较高的学术地位。
     该学科于2003年被教育部批准为硕士学位授予点,并于当年开始招生。该学科培养的研究生主要从事农业生物环境及其工程设施、农村新能源开发利用工程的研发工作。该学科的毕业生将具有良好的就业前景。
    
     Introduction of Agri-biological Environmental and Energy Engineeringdiscipline
     Agri-biological environmental and energy engineering is a new discipline which is developed based on the disciplines of agricultural environment and water electricity engineering. It is one of the second disciplines of the first discipline of agricultural engineering. The agri-biological environmental and energy engineering discipline of HoHai University is supported by the teaching and research staffs of irrigation and drainage engineering, civil engineering, environmental engineering, and combines the disciplines of biology, environment, energy sources, architecture, automatic controlling, mechanics, and etc.. The main research fields of this discipline are mechanism of soil and water pollution and its control, coupling effect of water and nutrient on plant and water-saving irrigation under protected agriculture condition, reuse of agricultural waste, and exploitation of new country energy sources.
     The main research aspects of this discipline in our university at present are as follows:
     1. Conservation and protection of soil and water environment: studies on mechanisms of agricultural soil and water pollution and technique of its prevention and cure; the transfer and transform rules of contamination in soil-plant-water continuum.
     2. Ecological and environmental effects of irrigation with inferior water: studies on the low-cost and high-efficiency purifying of inferior irrigating water; remediation of polluted water and soil environment; ecological effect of irrigation with inferior water on water, soil and biology.
     3. Controlling of protected agriculture and bio-environment: studies on the water-saving irrigation pattern; coupling effect of water and nutrient; mechanisms of water-saving, high-yield and quality production for protected planting.
     4. Exploitation and use of new rural energy sources: study on the exploitation and use of rural biomass energy; harmless treatment and resource reuse of agricultural waste; matter and energy source foundation for sustainable development of country and agriculture.
     Now the discipline has 38 faculty and staff, of whom 9 are professors, 13 are associate professors. 11 of the staff have got the PhD degree, 23 have got the master-degree. Agricultural engineering experiment center, environment engineering experiment center, the key laboratory of water resource of Ministry of Education can be used for this discipline. More than 40 research projects such as National Nature Scientific Fund projects, National 863 High Technology Development Plan Project of water-saving agriculture, key science and technology projects of ministry and province, key scientific and research achievement expending projects are carried on. Over 50 scientific and research achievements have been achieved, 2 of which were awarded as National Scientific and Research Achievement. More than 60 papers were published on the core journals at home and abroad, 9 of which were awarded the national or provincial science and technology progressing prizes. 5 monographs were also published. A number of scientific and research achievements have been appraised and reached international advanced level, and applied widely in more than 10 provinces all over the country. The discipline as a whole has high academic level at home and abroad.
     Agri-biological Environmental and Energy Engineering discipline of HoHai University was qualified to awarding master-degree by the National Ministry of Education in 2003. Graduate students were also recruited in the same year. The graduate students of this discipline mainly engage in the research of agricultural bio-environment engineering and new rural energy sources engineering. The foreground of employment for graduated students is optimistic in the future.


河海大学水利水电学院
地址:中国江苏省南京市西康路1号 邮编:210098 管理进入 Email:sdxy@hhu.edu.cn